N5LEZ's IRLP Operating Guidelines
444.975 Tone 192.8
Direct connect is just like it sounds where repeater (node) "A" connects direct with (node) "B". With this type of link the two nodes are interconnected and no other IRLP connections are possible. While repeaters "A" and "B" are connected, anyone attempting to connect with either node will be told by a recording that - "The node you are calling is currently connected to callsign" however all local traffic on each repeater will be heard on the other repeater as well.
While Direct Connect is preferred for a city to city chat, the most common type of connection in use today is via the Indianapolis Reflector (Ref 9200). A reflector is like a hub capable of allowing many repeaters to be inter-connected together by streaming the received audio back to all other connected stations. At any given time there are usually 6 to 10 repeaters around the world interconnected via this Reflector. You can always check which stations are connected to the reflector by visiting http://status.irlp.net and looking for nodes connected to REF 9200.
By leaving a pause between transmissions it .....
allows users on other nodes a chance to check in.
allows other nodes time to send touch-tone commands to drop their node.
The most important guideline to remember is leaving a pause after pressing the PTT button as well as between transmissions.
ANNOUNCING YOUR PRESENCE
To resolve this it is a good idea to give your callsign (phonetically) along with your name and your QTH and state you are monitoring for a call. Many listeners are mobile and may only pick out your prefix, your name or possibly just your QTH.
ESTABLISHING A CONTACT
Scenario: Several stations including a DX station complete a QSO and you wish to contact the DX station.
Action: WB2xxx this is Joe K5xxx in Wichita Falls Texas. By doing this rather than just IDing with your call, you leave no question who you wish to speak with. A simple ID many times goes unanswered as neither station knows who you are calling.
BREAKING INTO A QSO
MAKING A DIRECT CONNECTION
NOTE: If your node is already connected to another node or reflector, a greeting will play saying; - "your node is currently connected to...ID of the connection") In this case confirm if anyone desires the connection to remain up before dropping by using the OFF code..
Once connected and after hearing the confirming voice ID, wait at least 15 seconds before transmitting as.......
The repeater may be in use, and your entry may have occurred between transmissions.
The voice ID of your node is longer than the voice ID of their node, and the connection is not made until the ID is fully played.
Their computer may be slower, and hence take longer to process the connection than yours.
Press and hold the microphone PTT for a second and then announce your presence and your intention such as you are calling someone specifically or just looking for a QSO with another ham in that city.
If no response is heard, announce your call and your intent to drop the link and then dial the OFF code. (Example: 73) . The courtesy tone will change back to the CW letter "R" for the (Repeater) state.
It is not a good idea to transmit touch-tone commands without first giving your call-sign. Not only is this courteous, it is a regulatory issue in some countries who may be connected to the reflector.
Some nodes are configured so you cannot connect to them if that repeater is active. In this case you will receive the message "The node you are calling is being used locally" If you receive this message wait 5 or 10 minutes and then try again.
If you stay connected to a node and there is no activity on your repeater for 4 minutes, the connection will time out and automatically disconnect with a voice ID disconnect message on both nodes.
CONNECTING TO THE REFLECTOR
Don't be in a hurry to hear someone come back to you. You may have to do a bit of pleading from time-to-time to un-lodge someone from whatever they are currently involved with.
By default, connections to the reflectors now time out with no activity however many node owners set this period for a long period so it is not unusual for repeaters with minimal traffic to stay connected to the Reflector for extended periods of time. When or if the node times out from a Reflector connection a standard time-out greeting will precede the timeout saying, "Activity time out ... Reflector xxxx, link off"
If you are new to IRLP you should always consult with your local node sponsor to confirm the local guidelines on reflector connections in your area.
If you hear or wish to engage in a prolonged rag-chew on your local repeater (long discussion of a local nature) out of courtesy to other node listeners drop the reflector.
"The node you are calling is not responding, please try again later"
This is caused by a loss of internet connectivity to one end of the call attempt.
"BEEP Error- The call attempt has timed out, the connection has been
This error occurs when a node is OFF-LINE. Some nodes such as in the UK use dial-up connections and then, only for short periods. Also there may be temporary net or node problems.
"The Connection Has Been Lost"
If the internet connection drops, this error message will be heard. I found this out when I accidentally kicked out my network cable while working around the node computer.
DO'S and DON'TS
DO pause between transmissions to let other in or others to enter DTMF command.
DO identify before sending DTMF command tones.
DO hold your microphone PTT for about 1 second before talking to allow all systems time to rise.
DO NOT rag-chew on your local repeater while connected to the reflector.
DO pause for 10 seconds or when entering the reflector before talking.
QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS
Welcome to IRLP, use and enjoy. --- Catch you on the air!
--- 73's ---