N5LEZ's IRLP Operating Guidelines

Node 4640

444.975 Tone 192.8

COMMON MODES
There are two connection modes for an IRLP connection.  Direct one-to-one or, one-to-many via a Reflector.

Direct connect is just like it sounds where repeater (node) "A" connects direct with (node) "B".  With this type of link the two nodes are interconnected and no other IRLP connections are possible.  While repeaters "A" and "B" are connected, anyone attempting to connect with either node will be told by a  recording that - "The node you are calling is currently connected to callsign" however all local traffic on each repeater will be heard on the other repeater as well.

While Direct Connect is preferred for a city to city chat, the most common type of  connection in use today is via the Indianapolis Reflector (Ref 9200). A reflector is like a hub capable of allowing many repeaters to be inter-connected together by streaming the received audio back to all other connected stations.  At any given time there are usually 6 to 10 repeaters around the world interconnected via this Reflector. You can always check which stations are connected to the reflector by visiting http://status.irlp.net and looking for nodes connected to REF 9200.

REFLECTOR USE
With reflector use the first thing we must all remember is to leave a gap of 3 or 4 seconds between transmissions. Due to the slight increase in delays created by multiple Tone Squelch radios in the links between the repeater and IRLP link radio, a slight change in our normal operating procedures is required with IRLP. 

By leaving a pause between transmissions it ..... 

allows users on other nodes a chance to check in.

allows other nodes time to send touch-tone commands to drop their node.

The most important guideline to remember is leaving a pause after pressing the PTT button as well as between transmissions.

ANNOUNCING YOUR PRESENCE
Announcing you are looking for a QSO or acknowledging someone else's call differs from your local repeater were you usually just give your call.  With IRLP your transmission is now being heard on many repeaters around the world and others may not just be sure what your intentions may be. 

To resolve this it is a good idea to give your callsign (phonetically) along with your name and your QTH and state you are monitoring for a call.  Many listeners are mobile and may only pick out your prefix, your name or possibly just your QTH.

ESTABLISHING A CONTACT
When you hear a station that you wish to speak with always identify who your call is meant for.  It is not a good idea to simply state your call but rather your call and your intentions.

Scenario: Several stations including a DX station complete a QSO and you wish to contact the DX station.

Action:  WB2xxx this is Joe K5xxx in Wichita Falls Texas. By doing this rather than just IDing with your call, you leave no question who you wish to speak with.  A simple ID many times goes unanswered as neither  station knows who you are calling.

BREAKING INTO A QSO
When an existing conversation is underway and the topic of conversation is of interest, just give your callsign between breaks and the next station to take it should acknowledge you and bring you into the QSO.  PLEASE do not break into an existing QSO because you want to work one of them.  This is poor ham radio etiquette and on HF would result in a severe chastisement :-)

MAKING A DIRECT CONNECTION
First of all listen on your local machine for at least 15 -30 seconds before transmitting and then ask if the repeater is currently in use. Assuming all is clear, identify your self and give the node name or number you wish to call.  Example:  "KA5xyz for the Sydney node" - - then enter the ON code for the node (Example: xxxx (node number) and release your PTT.   Your local repeater should come up with a carrier as it waits for the connection to be authenticated.  This can take a few seconds of dead-air so don't be concerned.  When the connection is confirmed, the voice ID of the destination node will be transmitted back to you as well as your nodes voice ID to the other repeater. The courtesy tone will change to the CW letter "L" for (Linked) state.

NOTE: If your node is already connected to another node or reflector, a greeting will play saying; - "your node is currently connected to...ID of the connection") In this case confirm if anyone desires the connection to remain up before dropping by using the OFF code.. 

Once connected and after hearing the confirming voice ID, wait at least 15 seconds before transmitting as.......

The repeater may be in use, and your entry may have occurred between transmissions.

The voice ID of your node is longer than the voice ID of their node, and the connection is not made until the ID is fully played.

Their computer may be slower, and hence take longer to process the connection than yours.

Press and hold the microphone PTT for a second and then announce your presence and your intention such as you are calling someone specifically or just looking for a QSO with another ham in that city.

If no response is heard, announce your call and your intent to drop the link and then dial the OFF code. (Example: 73) . The courtesy tone will change back to the CW letter "R" for the (Repeater) state.

It is not a good idea to transmit touch-tone commands without first giving your call-sign.  Not only is this courteous, it is a regulatory issue in some countries who may be connected to the reflector.

Some nodes are configured so you cannot connect to them if that repeater is active.  In this case you will receive the message "The node you are calling is being used locally"  If you receive this message wait 5 or 10 minutes and then try again.

If you stay connected to a node and there is no activity on your repeater for 4 minutes, the connection will time out and automatically disconnect with a voice ID disconnect message on both nodes.

CONNECTING TO THE REFLECTOR
As above, listen to your local machine for local use and then announce your intention for the Reflector before keying the ON command.  When you hear the confirmation ID always WAIT at least 15 seconds before transmitting as you are most likely now connected with many repeaters and a QSO could be in progress.  If after 15 seconds you hear nothing, identify yourself and indicate you are listening to the Reflector from "City and, Prov./State, Country". With the world wide IRLP activity your local repeater now has world wide coverage thus the suggestion to better detail your QTH.

Don't be in a hurry to hear someone come back to you.  You may have to do a bit of pleading from time-to-time to un-lodge someone from whatever they are currently involved with. 

By default, connections to the reflectors now time out with no activity however many node owners set this period for a long period so it is not unusual for repeaters with minimal traffic to stay connected to the Reflector for extended periods of time. When or if the node times out from a Reflector connection a standard time-out greeting will precede the timeout saying, "Activity time out ... Reflector xxxx, link off"

If you are new to IRLP you should always consult with your local node sponsor to confirm the local guidelines on reflector connections in your area.

If you hear or wish to engage in a prolonged rag-chew on your local repeater (long discussion of a local nature) out of courtesy to other node listeners drop the reflector.

ERROR MESSAGES
From time-to-time you may receive error messages when attempting to connect with a node or reflector.  The most common ones are:

"The node you are calling is not responding, please try again later"
 This is caused by a loss of internet connectivity to one end of the call attempt.

"BEEP Error- The call attempt has timed out, the connection has been lost"
This error occurs when a node is OFF-LINE.  Some nodes such as in the UK use dial-up connections and then, only for short periods.  Also there may be temporary net or node problems.

"The Connection Has Been Lost"
If the internet connection drops, this error message will be heard.  I found this out when I accidentally kicked out my network cable while working around the node computer.

DO'S and DON'TS
In summary then a few do's and don'ts

DO pause between transmissions to let other in or others to enter DTMF command.

DO identify before sending DTMF command tones.

DO hold your microphone PTT for about 1 second before talking to allow all systems time to rise.

DO NOT rag-chew on your local repeater while connected to the reflector.

DO pause for 10 seconds or when entering the reflector before talking.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS
If you have any questions or comments you can contact me at n5lez@arrl.net or on any of my repeaters, 444.975 or 147.12 Wichita Falls, 147.16 Vernon 147.20 Seymour. My web site is n5lez.com and my phone number is 940-438 2345. I will be glad to answer any questions that I can, and I would appreciate any comments you might have.

Welcome to IRLP, use and enjoy. --- Catch you on the air!

--- 73's ---

George (N5LEZ)